Projects by area of action



Action against pests and diseases is important not only to protect the economy of coffee producing countries and the livelihood of farming populations but to protect productivity and quality of coffee. Particular care is dedicated to ensure that protection programmes are as environmentally friendly as possible.



The Organization encourages its Members to support programmes for vertical and horizontal diversification as a way in which a vicious circle of dependence on primary products can be broken and transformed into a virtuous circle of constructive change and development and so lessen the impact of the commodity crisis on exporting countries.

Diversification and industrialization require different categories of measures appropriate to different causes of dependence. For countries exporting agricultural primary products, diversification means identifying product and market growth areas and the adoption by governments and the business community of suitable policies and measures to penetrate these markets.

Financing diversification is quite complicated in most commodity-dependent countries. However, measures to promote foreign investment and the efficient use of financial aid can play an important role.



In cases where producing countries have suffered large decrease in production for reason of “force majeure”, it may be appropriate to encourage programmes to secure a recovery in productive capacity, providing increases are not of a scale to e exert an adverse effect on the supply-demand balance. This process assists in ensuring that characteristic coffees remain available to the market, and in safeguarding the exploitation of comparative advantage. As part of such strategy, emphasis is given to promoting studies/technical assistance on coffee development in countries that have suffered from major natural disasters and/or war disruption, as an important source of employment and income.
In countries under reconstruction, in order to alleviate poverty and help families with resettlement, the Organization promotes rehabilitation of coffee plantations and marketing systems.



With the transition in many exporting countries to liberalized marketing systems care is needed to ensure that the benefits of increased market flexibility are not jeopardized by the elimination of necessary functions previously undertaken by marketing boards and similar regulatory bodies.

Besides this the coffee sector in many exporting countries consists of large number of smallholder farmers who need assistance to develop their capacity to compete in the market, get access to commercial credit, cope with price volatility through risk management and generate benefits to their communities. In certain importing markets the Organization may also be able to assist, through training and educational programmes, in improving expertise and trading methods and in facilitating contacts with suppliers in exporting Member countries.

In the interests of a healthy and competitive trading economy it is important that traders in producing countries have the necessary degree of commercial expertise, access to credit and appropriate legal framework to function effectively. The Organization also seeks to evaluate and if appropriate propose new instruments of international cooperation designed to further the aims identified in the Agreement.



The maintenance and improvement of coffee quality are crucial to sustain consumption in the long term, add value to the product and protect it against contamination. This has been done through projects dedicated to improve cultivation, processing, storage, transportation and marketing practices.



It is vital that coffee production and processing should take into account environmental needs to ensure physical sustainability. It is also necessary that the economic environment should be such as to encourage stability and reasonable living standards for the populations involved with coffee, and to ensure that adequate care may be given to ensure the maintenance of quality. The Organization wishes to encourage the improvement and diversification of old coffee plantations towards more market-oriented and environmental plantations such as organic and gourmet coffee. It also seeks to promote the use of friendly environmental technologies through the production and processing chain, integrated biological pest control and improved technology for the washing process.